You must have seen colourful flowers on the lawn getting your attention. Seeing flowers on your lawn is a good feeling, but sometimes these flowering plants can destroy your lawn and make it ugly.
There are many different types of coloured weeds that seem beautiful but are deeply pessimistic to your lawn. The four main colouring weeds in the lawn are yellow, blue, purple, and white. And some of the weeds from these are dandelions, chickweed, oxalis, and clover weed.
Let’s discuss these in detail:
Dandelions (Taraxacum officinale and Teracacum erythrospermum)
Dandelion, a very commonly found weed in the lawn, is a perennial plant which means it can stay in your lawn for many years to come. Dandelion has deep and long roots which make this plant hard to remove and make it come back year after year in the lawn.
Dandelions grow very low to the ground and have bright yellow flowers which look just like a puffball.
Dandelion is an edible plant and can be mixed with salads or any other veggies.
- Broadleaf plant
- 10 – 12 inches tall and 6 – 16 inches wide
- It grows in lawns and gardens with sunlight or shade
- Appear in late spring and fall
How To Treat It
You can eliminate Dandelion from your lawn with 3 methods that are pulling it out manually, using herbicide, or putting vinegar.
Let’s talk about each of them
Method 1: Pull out by hand
The first method is to pull the weed out from the roots by hand and then remove it with the help of the rake. You can reseed the patches afterward. But doing it manually on a lawn full of weeds will take a lot of effort.
Method 2: Use a post-emergent herbicide
The second method is to Use post-emergent herbicide to eradicate and burn all the weeds in your lawn. Use a weed and feed herbicide which will eliminate the weed and make the soil healthier.
Method 3: using vinegar
To eliminate Dandelion from the lawn you can spray vinegar mixed with a little bit of soap directly to the weed. It will dry out the weed in a day or two and then you can remove it with the help of a rake.
Oxalis weed also known as wood sorrel is a commonly found weed in lawns and gardens. It looks similar to clover weed but a little small in size with light green leaves. Oxalis weeds also have yellow flowers.
This weed is a very hardy plant and many lawn owners are afraid of seeing this weed in their lawn. Oxalis weed prefers to grow on an unhealthy lawn with thin grass.
- Broadleaf plant
- It grows 15 to 20 inches tall
- Grows in lawns and gardens with sunlight or shade
- Grows between spring to summer
- Oxalis weed is edible and nutritious
How to treat it
You can eliminate oxalis weed in two ways, one is to remove all the plants manually with the roots or to use post-emergent herbicide to kill it in the lawn and then remove it with the help of a rake.
Black medic weed is an annual plant and loves to grow in hot weather. Some species of black medic can be perennial and live for several years on your lawn. The shape of the leaves looks similar to clover weed like a teardrop and has yellow flowers blooming.
- Black medic is an annual plant but can stay in your lawn for several years in hot weather conditions
- Black medic grows between the height of 12 to 24 inches tall and 10 to 12 inches wide
- Black medic loves poor lawn with dry and compacted soil
- Black medic needs sunlight to thrive in your lawn and cannot grow in shade.
How to treat it:
You can eliminate black medic weed in two different ways, either to remove it manually or you can use a chemical herbicide. Manually removing the weed can take a lot of effort and you need to remove it fully with roots so that it never comes back. If you are using chemicals then, spray it only on the weed as it can also damage other plants. The herbicide will dry out the weed and then you can remove it with the help of a little raking.
If you want to prevent black medic in your lawn keep the soil aerated and water the lawn properly as this weed loves to grow on compacted and dry soil.
Yellow sweet clover
Yellow sweet clover weed is a yearly plant that grows in your lawn for a short time. Sweet clover weed spreads with the help of seeds which are produced in the yellow flowers blooming in spring to fall.
- Yellow sweet clover is an annual plant
- It is a broadleaf plant
- Yellow clover grows between 15 to 45 inches tall and 12 to 18 inches wide
- Yellow sweet clover grows in disturbed landscapes like roadsides, pastures, river banks.
- The flower blooms from late spring to early fall and usually lasts for 2 to 3 months
- Sweet clover is a drought-tolerant plant that needs lots of direct sunlight and can grow on dry soil.
How to treat it:
There are several ways you can remove sweet clover from your lawn, the first way is that you can remove it with the help of a mower, keep the settings low and collect all the clippings in a bag as it can grow back with the help of clippings.
The second way is to remove it manually, which can be a lot of effort but it will be very effective for your lawn.
Burning is also a method that is very effective if you want to remove clover from your lawn effectively and do not want to come back. I have tried this method once and it turned out great for my lawn.
The last and very common way of removing weed is to use a chemical herbicide. This is a very effective way to remove weed from any lawn but it can also have some side effects as it can also damage other plants in the lawn.
Flowering Weed Specification Chart
|Weed||Scientific Name||Family||Habitat||Blooming Time||Height|
|Dandelions||Taraxacum||Asteraceae||Dry areas with sunlight||Spring(March)||10-12 inches|
|Oxalis weed||Oxalis corniculata||Oxalidaceae||Dry and warm areas||spring (May)||8-20 inches|
|Black Medic||Medicago Lupulina L.||Legume||Moist, open habitat||Spring(May)||6-25 inches|
|Yellow Sweet Clover||Melilotus officinalis||legume||Dry and warm areas||Spring (May)||15-30 inches|
|Yellow Salsify||Tragopogon dubius||Asteraceae||Wasteland and moist areas||Spring(May)||12-15 inches|
|Lesser Celandine||Ficaria Verna||Buttercups||Woodland and grassland||Spring(March)||2 to 12 inches|
|Purple Deadnettle||Lamium Purpureum||Lamiaceae||A moist and unhealthy lawn||Spring (April)||10-15 inches|
|Henbit||Lamium Amplexicaule||Lamiaceae||Wet patches and lawns||Spring (April)||13-16 inches|
|Creeping Charlie||Glechoma hederacea||Lamiaceae||Moist areas with good sunlight||Summer(June)||2-8 inches|
|Wild VIolet||Viola Sororia||Violaceae||Moist areas with shade||Spring(May)||2-12 inches|
|Blue Weed||Echium Vulgare||Boraginaceae||Dry soil||Summer(August)||12-25 inches|
|Forget-Me-Not||Myosotis Scorpioides||Boraginaceae||Moist and sunny||Spring(April)||5-12 inches|
|Green Alkanet||Pentaglottis Sempervirens||Boraginaceae||Damp and shady||Spring(May)||30-40 inches|
|Bluebell||Hyacinthoides non-scripta||Asparagaceae||Humid areas||Spring(May)||15-40 inches|
|Blue Morning Glory||Ipomoea Indica||Convolvulaceae||Moist and warm||Summer(August)||80-100 inches|
|Germander Speedwell||Veronica chamaedrys||Plantains||Moist areas with sunlight||Spring(March)||4-14 inches|
|White Clover||Trifolium repens||legumes||Moist and shady areas||Summer(June)||6-12 inches|
|Chickweed||Stellaria media||Pinks||Moist areas, wastelands, and roadsides||Summer(May)||4-6 inches|
Yellow salsify (Tragopogon dubius)
Yellow salsify weed (goatsbeard) is a biennial plant that grows in dry and compacted soil. The weed spreads itself with the help of seeds that are found in the yellow flower blooming. The flower blooms in late spring to early summer.
- Salsify weed is of two types, one is biennial and the other is perennial.
- This plant has grey-green leaves which look like grass.
- The weed has yellow flowers
- This weed establish itself with the help of large taproot and very difficult to remove fully
- Yellow salsify grows 2 to 3 feet tall and 18 to 24 inches wide
- Yellow salsify also loves to grow in compacted soil and garden landscape
How to treat it:
Eliminating Yellow salsify is like removing any other weed. You can remove it with the help of using chemical herbicide and dry out the plant. Another way is to remove it manually by pulling it out with the roots. The second method takes some effort but it is very effective and doesn’t harm your lawn as compared to chemical herbicides.
Lesser Celandine (pilewort) is a weed that grows low to the ground. This weed has glossy, dark green heart-shaped leaves with yellow flowers blooming from January to April. Lesser celandine is a very good source of nectar for bees.
- Lesser celandine is a perennial plant
- Comes from the buttercup family
- It grows 10 to 12 inches tall and around 8 to 12 inches wide
- It has kidney-shaped dark green leaves that are 1 to 4 inches wide
- This plant loves moist soil and is usually found in river banks and damp woodland paths
How to treat it:
You can remove this weed manually or with the help of using chemical herbicide. Both methods have some pros and cons to them and we have this in detail in our post about yellow flower weed.
Forget me not
Forget-me-not is a perennial weed that is found very commonly on the lawn. This weed is a very hardy plant and loves to grow in dry soil with good sunlight. It has blue flowers blooming from April to October.
- A perennial plant or can be an annual plant.
- Has Blue flower which produces seeds to spread
- Forget-me-not is an invasive plant and very hard to remove
How To Get Rid Of Forget-me-not In Your Lawn?
You can eliminate forget-me-nots in your lawn in two ways, the first is to do it manually but keep in mind that you have to remove every bit of it as it can sprout back with the help of seed or stem.
The other way is to use a chemical herbicide containing glyphosate which is very effective to kill this weed in the lawn.
Blueweed (Echium vulgare)
Blueweed is a plant that grows for a couple of years in the lawn and has a long taproot which makes it very hard to remove from the lawn. Blue weed can be very harmful to touch or eat and can make you feel irritated. The plant has blue flowers blooming from June to August which helps the plant to produce seed and spread in the plant.
How To Get Rid Of Blue Weed From The Lawn?
The two common ways to eliminate blueweed are to either remove it manually and remove all the plant from the remove and don’t spill any seeds or stem as it can germinate again in the lawn. Or the other thing is to use chemical herbicides containing glyphosate as it is very effective to remove this weed from the lawn. Spray the chemical directly to the weed as it can damage other plants which you want on your lawn.
Timing matters when you are trying to remove weed from your lawn as if you remove the weed after the flowers are bloomed then there is a chance that the seeds can spill from the flower and get into the soil and germinate next season. To remove the weed before the flowers bloom.
Green Alkanet is also known as pentaglottis or evergreen bugloss. This perennial weed comes from the family of bluebell and forget-me-not weed. Green alkanet loves to grow in moist soil with shaded cool areas. The weed has blue flowers blooming in late spring.
- Green Alkanet grows up to 3 feet tall
- Have square and hairy stems and oval leaves with pointed tips
- Broadleaf plant
How To Get Rid Of Green Alkanet?
To eliminate Green Alkanet from your lawn, the first is that you can dig out the whole plant as it can grow back from the roots.
If you want some easy way to remove this weed from your lawn then you can take the help of a chemical herbicide. Chemical herbicides can dry out the weed in two to three days and then you can remove it with the help of a rake. There is a downside to using chemicals on your lawn as it can also damage other plants in your lawn.
Germander speedwell is a weed that can stay in your lawn for many years to come and it is a very hard weed to eliminate as it grows with the help of rhizomes and seeds to germinate. It has blue flowers blooming from May to August. This weed loves to grow on bad soil or unhealthy lawn.
- Weed has Oval-shaped leaves with teeth that are dull green in color and hairy.
- Leaves are between 10 to 25mm in length
- Blue color flowers bloom between May and August and have four petals.
How To Get Rid Of Germander Speedwell?
Germander speedwell is a very hardy weed to get rid of from your lawn. The only way you can effectively kill this weed from your lawn is to use chemical herbicides as removing it manually from the lawn is very ineffective and it can grow back but the chemical will kill the whole plant and ensure that the weed doesn’t grow back from the lawn.
Bluebell is also a weed that can grow from rhizomes and also with the seeds so it can be a very hardy plant to remove from the lawn.
It can spread in the lawn filling all the bare patches in the lawn with blue flowers.
- Bluebell weed has Blue flowers blooming in the middle containing seeds for future germination.
- Bluebell weeds can grow 1 to 4 meters wide and can occupy your lawn very quickly.
- The blue flowers bloom in spring and can sometimes be pink or white.
- The weed plant needs support to grow tall and can grow up to 4 meters if it gets the proper support.
How To Get Rid Of Bluebell Weed From Your Lawn?
Bluebell is a very hardy plant and can be very tough to remove from the lawn. If you have a small amount of bluebell then you can remove it manually as it is very easy to do and fast but if your lawn is full of weed then pulling it manually will be very tough and ineffective to do. Using chemical herbicide will probably be a better way to remove this weed from the lawn. Using chemicals containing glyphosate will be very effective to eliminate this weed from your lawn.
Blue Morning Glory
Blue morning glory was also known as Ipomoea Indica and Blue dawn flower, blue bindweed. Thus plants like to grow in tropical areas and thrive on the lawn very fast and can be very hard to remove afterward. This plant can grow in dry or damp soil and can fight drought very well. Morning glory climbs other plants and canopy and destroys plants around it by that. As the name suggests the plant has blue flower blooming which looks beautiful but a nightmare for a lawn owner as it produces seeds.
- Grow with the help of a rhizome system to grow and multiply in the lawn.
- Vine, which can climb anything
- Hairy stems
- The very tough root system
- Leaves can be 16 to 18cm with hairs
- Blue flower with pink base blooming from late spring to early winter
How To Get Rid Of The Blue Morning Glory?
Blue morning glory is one of the toughest weeds to kill in your lawn and can destroy your lawn very fast.
To get rid of morning glory in your lawn, either you can do it manually or with the help of herbicide. Both the methods work for different lawns. If a small number of plants are present then use hand pulling but if the weed has thrived in your lawn then you need to use herbicide.
After killing the weed you need to use a pre-emergent herbicide so that new seeds don’t germinate or it will make all the efforts go in vain.
Purple deadnettle also known as Lamium purpureum is also a part of the mint family. As the name suggests this weed also has purple flower blooming and can be found very commonly on the lawn. This weed doesn’t attack a healthy lawn but it can thrive on wet and moist lawns which have excess water pooling all the time. You will usually find this weed in woodland areas.
- Part of the mint family
- Purple-tinged leaves with square or triangular
- Purple deadnettle grows in moist and unhealthy habitats including drainage areas, waste waterways, and woodlands
- The upper leaves are not attached to the stem directly which makes it very easier to identify with a purple flower on top.
Henbit is very similar to purple deadnettle weed and has purple flowers just like purple deadnettle.
The weed has a square stem and rounded leaves. Henbit weed can grow anywhere, from lawns to footpaths to drainage areas, but it is a very easy grass to eliminate as it doesn’t thrive in the lawn and doesn’t damage the grass. You just need to keep your lawn healthy and thick to keep weeds from the lawn.
- Leaves are soft and have hairs
- Round leaves
- It loves to grow in moist areas of the lawn, edges of the paths, and wet patches.
- Henbit weeds, leaves, and flowers are edible and used for salads and other food.
How To Get Rid Of Henbit Weed In Your Lawn
Henbit weed grows with the help of seed and the best way to stop henbit to grow in your lawn is to stop the germination. And to stop the germination, use a pre-emergent herbicide to stop the seeds from germinating.
To eliminate already growing henbit weeds from your lawn, you can do it in two ways, either you can use chemical herbicide to eliminate this weed fast from your lawn. But you can easily eliminate this weed manually as it is not a very difficult plant to eliminate from the lawn.
Ground ivy or Creeping Charlie is a part of the mint family. This weed has purple flowers and it is a broadleaf plant that grows very low to the ground and can cover the whole lawn very fast and can be very difficult to eliminate from your lawn.
This weed is very resistant to pests and diseases and will not go away easily from your lawn. Creeping Charlie is also a very good source of nectar for bees.
- This weed grows 2 to 8 inches tall in length
- Purple flowers blooming in the middle
- Can survive in unsavory conditions like an unhealthy lawn with bad nutrients levels.
- Broadleaf plant
- Needs some sunlight to grow
- Needs moist conditions and is not resilient to drought.
How To Get Rid Of Creeping Charlie Weed
Creeping charlie weed grows in two ways, the first way is by the help of seeds developed by the purple flower and the other way is by the help of rhizomes which makes it a very difficult plant to eliminate from the lawn.
Many of the chemical herbicides don’t work on creeping charlie weed because of the rhizomes and you need to select a specific herbicide for it.
You can eliminate this weed manually but it will be very hard and the weed can easily come back into the lawn if you leave any part of it behind. So using a chemical herbicide to remove it would be a good option here.
If you don’t want this weed in your lawn, the best thing you can do is to maintain your lawn properly as this weed loves to grow on unhealthy lawn with poor soil. Properly water, fertilize and mow your lawn and keep it healthy.
Wild violet is considered to be a flower as well as a weed in some places, but for a lawn owner, it is a weed. It is a perennial plant that grows in moist or shady areas and loves cool temperatures. Wild violet grows from the rhizomes as well as seed build from the flower so removing it from the lawn can be a very difficult task. Its leaves are heart-shaped and the stems are thin and have purple flowers blooming from them.
- This weed germinates through rhizomes and seeds
- Heart-shaped leaves
- Thin and delicate stems
- Grows in moist and shady areas
How To Get Rid Of Wild Violets?
Eliminating wild violet from your lawn is the same as eliminating any other weed. If you have a large number of plants then take the help of a chemical herbicide to eliminate them quickly and easily from your lawn.
But if you have less amount of this weed then you can do it manually by pulling it but there is a chance that you can spill seeds from its purple flower. So take the help of pre-emergent herbicide after removing the weed so the seeds can’t germinate in the lawn.
All about White clover weed
White clover weed is a perennial plant meaning it can stay in your lawn for many years and it is a very commonly found weed in the lawn. It is a very difficult weed to get rid of from your lawn and can be a headache. White clover grows in patchy and thin lawns and grows very low to the ground. If your lawn has space to grow then you can find clover weed as it can grow very fast in the lawn.
You can identify clover weed very easily by its three leaves pattern and tear-shaped leaflets. Another identification can be that it has a white flower blooming from the middle.
- White clover weed has a shallow root system, due to which it can’t tolerate drought and dry conditions.
- White clover is a low-growing plant and grows just 2 to 3 inches in height but some branches can grow over and get up to a foot tall.
- White clover is a perennial plant which means it can stay in your lawn for years before dying.
The Reason Behind Clover In Your Lawn
Clover weed is a very hardy plant to remove from your lawn but why is it in the lawn in the first place? This weed loves to grow in a low nitrogen soil where the grass is turning yellow which is due to the low availability of nitrogen in the soil which is very essential for the grass to grow.
On the other hand, clover weed loves to grow on low nitrogen soil because it doesn’t need nitrogen from the soil to grow as it can take nitrogen from the air.
Some other reasons help white clover weed to grow and thrive in your lawn:
- Bad pH level
- Compacted soil
- Stressed lawn
- Insects and pesticide
- Shade in the lawn
Chickweed plant is also known as starwort or common chickweed is an annual plant that grows from the seeds which develop from the white flower blooming from the plant. Chickweed is a very commonly found weed in the lawns and can be a very difficult weed to get rid of from the lawn. Chickweed also has a very shallow root system which means it can easily grow in compacted and poorly maintained lawns.
Chickweed grows very low to the ground and below 2 inches and makes itself as a carpet wherever it grows and can hide other plants and block new seeds to germinate from the lawn. Identifying chickweed is very easy from its white flower blooming in the middle which produces seeds for the reproduction of the plant.
- Chickweed is a broadleaf plant
- Chickweed is a winter annual plant
- This weed spreads with the help of seeds.
- The seeds are produced by white flowers blooming in the spring and producing hundreds of seeds in a year
- chickweed loves to grow in moist and shady areas with nutrient-rich soil
If you see any flower growing in your lawn, check if it is really a flowering plant or a weed starting to establish itself in your lawn. And if it’s a weed then we have a full guide on how to get rid of weed from your lawn. Do check it out.